The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s) Regimental Museum has one of the best collections of British/Canadian service rifles dating back to 1866. The collection of Lee Enfield rifles may be the best in Canada that is on public display. The weapons collection is displayed in a series of seven cabinets:
Cabinet 1: The Enfield Rifle Early Versions
This cabinet contains rifles from a Snider-Enfield dated 1862 and traces the rifles development through the Martini Enfields, Long Lee Enfields, the SMLE (Short Magazine Lee Enfield) and finally to the ill-fated Canadian Ross Rifle.
Cabinet 2: The Enfield Rifle Later Versions
This cabinet contains the No. 4 Mk. I rifle that has been used from 1931 to the present. It was used by the Canadian Rangers until 2020. The .22 version C No. 7 Mk. I was used by Cadets into the early 2000’s. The cabinet also includes some attachments used with the Lee Enfield, a Modified SMLE used for firing Smoke Grenades and an EY grenade launching rifle.
Cabinet 3: International Small Arms and Sniper Rifles
This cabinet contains a mixture of military weapons from Sweden, Russia, United States and more modern Canadian Small Arms. Also included are sniper rifles used in British and Canadian service.
Cabinet 4: Axis Powers Weapons
This cabinet contains weapons from the Axis Powers of the Second World War: Germany, Italy and Japan. Rare weapons include the Japanese Type 100 Submachine gun, and an MG34 and MG42 from Germany.
Cabinet 5: The FN Rifles
The FN is sometimes called the “Arm of the Free World” as it was used by so many countries. Canada was the first country to formally adopt the FN in 1955. The cabinet contains Canadian, British, Australian, and Israeli versions, as well as Equipment Issue Scale (EIS) issued to Canadian soldiers. Of note are the two Night Vision Devices, one Infrared and the other Starlight.
Cabinet 6: The Pistol Collection
Included in this cabinet are many captured weapons brought back to Canada after the First and Second World Wars by Canadian soldiers, including some captured by members of the Regiment. One of the latest additions to the collection was a pistol captured by a member of the 16th Bn. during the First World War.
Cabinet 7: Machine Guns and Submachine Guns
Of note in this cabinet are the First World War Lewis Gun and the Bren gun used in the Second World War by Canadian soldiers. The cabinet also holds Sten guns and an submachine gun that was once owned by Major General John Meredith Rockingham, CB, CBE, DSO & Bar, ED, CD.
People in Focus
Wing Hay Young
Wing Hay Young was born in Port Alberni, BC in 1906. He became a formidable and popular boxer who “was as good as a professional.” After enlisting with the Canadian Scottish, he won the Divisional boxing championship and then became the lightweight boxing champion of the Canadian Army. Wing Hay distinguished himself during the battle for Caen in 1944 when he came across a hide-out and single-handedly captured a dozen German prisoners.
Wing Hay Young died in an industrial accident in 1962 and is buried in Port Alberni’s Greenwood Cemetery.